• Criminal Cases and Procedure,  Criminal Law

    WARRANTS MALICIOUSLY  OBTAINED AND ABUSE IN THE SERVICE OF THOSE LEGALLY OBTAINED   (Art. 129 of REVISED PENAL CODE OF THE )

    Q: What are the punishable acts? A: 1. Procuring a search warrant without just cause. Elements: a. That the offender is a public officer or employee b. That he procures a search warrant c. That there is no just cause 2. Exceeding his authority or by using unnecessary severity in executing a search warrant legally procured Elements: a. That the offender is a public officer or employee b. That he has legally procured a search warrant c. That he exceeds his authority or uses unnecessary severity in executing the same Q: What is a search warrant? A: It is an order in writing, issued in the name of the People…

  • Criminal Cases and Procedure,  Criminal Law

    VIOLATION OF DOMICILE   (Art. 128 of REVISED PENAL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES )

    Q: What are the modes of committing this crime? A: 1. First mode: Entering any dwelling against the will of the owner thereof Note: In the first mode, lack of consent would not suffice as the law requires that the offender’s entry must be over the owner’s objection, express or implied. 2. Second mode: Searching papers or other effects found therein without the previous consent of such owner Note: In the second mode, mere lack of consent is sufficient. 3. Third mode: Refusing to leave the premises after having surreptitiously entered said dwelling and after having been required to leave the same Note: In the third mode, what is punished…

  • Criminal Cases and Procedure,  Criminal Law

    EXPULSION   (Art. 127 of the REVISED PENAL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES )

    Q: What are the punishable acts? A: 1. Delaying the performance of judicial or executive order for the release of a prisoner 2. Unduly delaying the service of the notice of such order to said prisoner 3. Unduly delaying the proceedings upon any petition for the liberation of such person. Q: What are the elements of delaying release? A: 1. Offender is a public officer or employee 2. There is a judicial executive order for the release of the prisoner or detention prisoner, or that there is a proceeding upon a petition for the liberation of such person 3. Offender without good reason delays: a. Service of notice of such…

  • Criminal Cases and Procedure,  Criminal Law

    DELAYING RELEASE   (Art. 126 of the REVISED PENAL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES )

    Q: What are the punishable acts? A: 1. Delaying the performance of judicial or executive order for the release of a prisoner 2. Unduly delaying the service of the notice of such order to said prisoner 3. Unduly delaying the proceedings upon any petition for the liberation of such person. Q: What are the elements of delaying release? A: 1. Offender is a public officer or employee 2. There is a judicial executive order for the release of the prisoner or detention prisoner, or that there is a proceeding upon a petition for the liberation of such person 3. Offender without good reason delays: a. Service of notice of such…

  • Criminal Cases and Procedure,  Criminal Law

    DELAY IN THE DELIVERY OF DETAINED PERSONS TO THE PROPER JUDICIAL AUTHORITY     (Art. 125 of REVISED PENAL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES )

    Q: What are the elements of this crime? A: 1. Offender is a public officer or employee 2. He has detained a person for some legal ground 3. He fails to deliver such person to the proper judicial authorities within: a. 12 hours for crimes/offenses punishable by light penalties or their equivalent; b. 18 hours for crimes/offenses punishable by correctional penalties or their equivalent; c. 36 hours for crimes/offenses punishable by afflictive penalties or their equivalent. Q: What are the circumstances considered in determining liability of officer detaining a person beyond legal period? A: 1. The means of communication 2. The hour of arrest 3. Other circumstances such as the…

  • Criminal Cases and Procedure,  Criminal Law

    ARBITRARY DETENTION     (Art. 124 OF REVISED PENAL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES )

    Q: What are the elements of the crime of arbitrary detention? A: 1. Offender is a public officer or employee 2. He detains a person 3. Detention is without legal grounds. Q: When is a person considered in detention? A: A person is detained when he is placed in confinement or there is restraint on his person. Q: Can there be arbitrary detention even if the victims were not kept in an enclosure? A: Yes. The prevailing jurisprudence on kidnapping and illegal detention is that the curtailment of the victim’s liberty need not involve any physical restraint upon the victim’s person. If the acts and actuations of the accused can…

  • Question and Answer

    DOMESTIC ADOPTION LAW

    1. WHO CAN ADOPT   Q: Who may adopt?    A:  1. Filipino;         2. Alien;         3. Guardian with respect to his ward.    Q: What are the qualifications of a Filipino who  may adopt?    A:  1. Must be of Legal age;       2. In a Position to care for his children;       3. Good moral character;       4. Full civil capacity and legal rights;       5. Not  been  Convicted  of  any  crime  involving moral turpitude;       6. Emotionally and psychologically capable  of caring for children;       7.  At  least  16  years  older  than  adoptee.  Except It is not necessary that adopter be  at least 16 years older:        a. Adopter is the biological parent of  the adoptee,        b. Adopter is the spouse of adoptee’s  parent.    Q: What are the qualifications of an alien who  may adopt under R.A. 8552?    A: 1. Possesses Same qualifications as those  enumerated for Filipino adopters;      2. His  country  has  Diplomatic  relations  with the Philippines;      3. Has been living in the Philippines  for at least 3 continuous years prior to  the  application  for  adoption  and  maintains such residence until adoption  decree has been entered.    Except a. He is a former Filipino who seeks  to adopt a relative within the 4th  civil …

  • Question and Answer

    ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN

    Q: Who are illegitimate children?    A: Children conceived and born outside a valid  marriage.    Q: In what instances may an illegitimate child  use the surname of their father?     Filiation  has  been  Recognized  by  the  father  through  the  record  of  birth  appearing in the civil register  Admission in public document   Private handwritten instrument is made  by the father    Note:  Provided  that  the  father  has  the  right  to  institute an action before the regular courts to prove  non‐filiation during his lifetime. 

  • Question and Answer

    MARRIAGE

    Q: What is marriage?  A: Marriage is a special contract of permanent  union between a man and a woman entered into  in accordance with law for the establishment of  conjugal and family life. It is the foundation of the  family and an inviolable social institution whose  nature,  consequences,  and  incidents  are  governed by law and not subject to stipulation,  except  that  marriage  settlements  may  fix  the  property relations during the marriage within the  limits provided by the Family Code. (Art. 1, FC) 

  • Question and Answer

    BREACH OF PROMISE TO MARRY

      Q: Is breach of promise to marry an actionable  wrong?    A:   No, a breach of promise to marry perse in not  an actionable wrong. There is no provision of the  Civil  Code  authorizing  an  action  for  breach  of  promise to marry.     Exept , when  the  act  is  not  a  mere  breach  of  promise  to  marry  but  constitutes  one  where  damages pursuant to Art. 21 of the Civil Code may  be recovered, such as:    1. Where the woman is a victim of moral  seduction.  (Gashem  Shookat  Baksh  v.  CA, G.R. No. 97336, February 19, 1993)    2. Where one formally sets a wedding and  go  through  and  spend  for  all  the  preparations and publicity, only to walk  out  of  it  when  the  matrimony  was  about  to  be  solemnized.(  Wassmer  v.  Velez, G.R. No. L‐20089 , December 26,  1964)