Is the breach of a promise to marry considered a legally actionable wrong? In general, no, a breach of promise to marry is not considered an actionable wrong in and of itself. According to the Civil Code, there is no specific provision authorizing legal action for a mere breach of promise to marry.
However, exceptions do exist. In certain scenarios where the act goes beyond simply breaking a promise to marry and causes damage, one might be able to recover damages under Article 21 of the Civil Code. For example:
1. Instances where the woman has fallen victim to moral seduction. This scenario was recognized in the Gashem Shookat Baksh vs. CA case (G.R. No. 97336, February 19, 1993).
2. Cases where a wedding has been formally arranged, extensive preparations and publicity have taken place, and one party withdraws just as the wedding was about to be solemnized. A notable example of such a case is Wassmer vs. Velez (G.R. No. L-20089, December 26, 1964).
By better understanding the legal ramifications of breaching a promise to marry, individuals can make more informed decisions and potentially avoid detrimental consequences.