Civil Code Of the Philippines

Family Code of the Philippines: Instances when there is Delivery of Presumptive Legitimes

 1. Re-appearance of former spouse (Articles 102 (5), 43(2))
Art. 102. Upon dissolution of the absolute community regime, the
following procedure shall apply:
(5) The presumptive legitimes of the common children shall be
delivered upon partition, in accordance with Article 51.
Art. 43. The termination of the subsequent marriage referred to in
the preceding Article shall produce the following effects:
(2) The absolute community of property or the conjugal partnership,
as the case may be, shall be dissolved and liquidated, but if either
spouse contracted said marriage in bad faith, his or her share of
the net profits of the community property or conjugal partnership
property shall be forfeited in favor of the common children or, if
there are none, the children of the guilty spouse by a previous
marriage or in default of children, the innocent spouse;
2. Annulment (Articles 50 , 51)
Art. 50, . The final judgment in such cases shall provide for the
liquidation, partition and distribution of the properties of the spouses,
the custody and support of the common children, and the delivery of their
presumptive legitimes, unless such matters had been adjudicated in
previous judicial proceedings.
Art. 51. In said partition, the value of the presumptive legitimes of
all common children, computed as of the date of the final judgment of the
trial court, shall be delivered in cash, property or sound securities, unless
the parties, by mutual agreement judicially approved, had already
provided for such matters.
The children or their guardian or the trustee of their property may
ask for the enforcement of the judgment.
The delivery of the presumptive legitimes herein prescribed shall in
no way prejudice the ultimate successional rights of the children accruing
upon the death of either of both of the parents; but the value of the
properties already received under the decree of annulment or absolute
nullity shall be considered as advances on their legitime.
3. Legal Separation (Articles 102 (5), 63(2))
Art. 102. Upon dissolution of the absolute community regime, the
following procedure shall apply:
(5) The presumptive legitimes of the common children shall be
delivered upon partition, in accordance with Article 51.
Art. 63. The decree of legal separation shall have the following
effects:
(2) The absolute community or the conjugal partnership shall be
dissolved and liquidated but the offending spouse shall have no
right to any share of the net profits earned by the absolute
community or the conjugal partnership, which shall be forfeited
in accordance with the provisions of Article 43(2);
4. Other causes for the dissolution of conjugal property (Articles 102, 129,
135)
Art. 102. Upon dissolution of the absolute community regime, the
following procedure shall apply:
(1) An inventory shall be prepared, listing separately all the
properties of the absolute community and the exclusive
properties of each spouse.
(2) The debts and obligations of the absolute community shall be
paid out of its assets. In case of insufficiency of said assets, the
spouses shall be solidarily liable for the unpaid balance with their
separate properties in accordance with the provisions of the
second paragraph of Article 94.
(3) Whatever remains of the exclusive properties of the spouses shall
thereafter be delivered to each of them.
(4) The net remainder of the properties of the absolute community
shall constitute its net assets, which shall be divided equally
between husband and wife, unless a different proportion or
division was agreed upon in the marriage settlements, or unless
there has been a voluntary waiver of such share provided in this
Code. For purpose of computing the net profits subject to
forfeiture in accordance with Articles 43, No. (2) and 63, No. (2),
the said profits shall be the increase in value between the market
value of the community property at the time of the celebration of
the marriage and the market value at the time of its dissolution.
(5) The presumptive legitimes of the common children shall be
delivered upon partition, in accordance with Article 51.
(6) Unless otherwise agreed upon by the parties, in the partition of
the properties, the conjugal dwelling and the lot on which it is
situated shall be adjudicated to the spouse with whom the
majority of the common children choose to remain. Children
below the age of seven years are deemed to have chosen the
mother, unless the court has decided otherwise. In case there in
no such majority, the court shall decide, taking into consideration
the best interests of said children.
Art. 129. Upon the dissolution of the conjugal partnership
regime, the following procedure shall apply:
(1) An inventory shall be prepared, listing separately all the
properties of the conjugal partnership and the exclusive
properties of each spouse.
(2) Amounts advanced by the conjugal partnership in payment of
personal debts and obligations of either spouse shall be credited
to the conjugal partnership as an asset thereof.
(3) Each spouse shall be reimbursed for the use of his or her
exclusive funds in the acquisition of property or for the value of
his or her exclusive property, the ownership of which has been
vested by law in the conjugal partnership.
(4) The debts and obligations of the conjugal partnership shall be
paid out of the conjugal assets. In case of insufficiency of said
assets, the spouses shall be solidarily liable for the unpaid
balance with their separate properties, in accordance with the
provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 121.
(5) Whatever remains of the exclusive properties of the spouses shall
thereafter be delivered to each of them.
(6) Unless the owner had been indemnified from whatever source,
the loss or deterioration of movables used for the benefit of the
family, belonging to either spouse, even due to fortuitous event,
shall be paid to said spouse from the conjugal funds, if any.
(7) The net remainder of the conjugal partnership properties shall
constitute the profits, which shall be divided equally between
husband and wife, unless a different proportion or division was
agreed upon in the marriage settlements or unless there has
been a voluntary waiver or forfeiture of such share as provided in
this Code.
(8) The presumptive legitimes of the common children shall be
delivered upon the partition in accordance with Article 51.
(9) In the partition of the properties, the conjugal dwelling and the
lot on which it is situated shall, unless otherwise agreed upon by
the parties, be adjudicated to the spouse with whom the majority
of the common children choose to remain. Children below the age
of seven years are deemed to have chosen the mother, unless the
court has decided otherwise. In case there is no such majority,
the court shall decide, taking into consideration the best interests
of said children.
Art. 135. Any of the following shall be considered sufficient cause
for judicial separation of property:
(1) That the spouse of the petitioner has been sentenced to a penalty
which carries with it civil interdiction;
(2) That the spouse of the petitioner has been judicially declared an
absentee;
(3) That loss of parental authority of the spouse of petitioner has
been decreed by the court;
(4) That the spouse of the petitioner has abandoned the latter or
failed to comply with his or her obligations to the family as
provided for in Article 101;
(5) That the spouse granted the power of administration in the
marriage settlements has abused that power; and
(6) That at the time of the petition, the spouses have been separated
in fact for at least one year and reconciliation is highly
improbable.
In the cases provided for in Numbers (1), (2) and (3), the
presentation of the final judgment against the guilty or absent spouse
shall be enough basis for the grant of the decree of judicial separation of
property.
5. Decree of Nullity (Article 50)
Art. 50. The final judgment in such cases shall provide for the
liquidation, partition and distribution of the properties of the spouses, the
custody and support of the common children, and the delivery of third
presumptive legitimes, unless such matters had been adjudicated in
previous judicial proceedings.

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