Family Code of the Philippines:Requisites of a Valid Marriage

Art. 1, FC. Marriage is a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered into in accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and family life. It is the foundation of the family and an inviolable social institution whose nature, consequences, and incidents are governed by law and not subject to stipulation, except that marriage settlements may fix the property relations during the marriage within the limits provided by this Code.

(1) Essential Requisites (Art. 2)
(a) Legal Capacity of the contracting parties, who
must be a male and a female
(b) Consent (of the parties) freely given in the
presence of a solemnizing officer.
(2) Formal Requisites (Art. 3)
(a) Authority of solemnizing officer
(b) A valid marriage license
(c) Except: Marriages in articulo mortis or when
one or both parties are at the point of death
(d) Marriage Ceremony:
(i) Appearance of contracting parties in the
presence of a solemnizing officer
(ii) Personal declaration that they take each
other as husband and wife in the presence of
not less than 2 witnesses