• Labor

    Are you victim of illegal dismissal?

    Q: What are the just causes for the dismissal of an employee? A:  Under Article 282 of the Labor Code, an employer may terminate an employment for any of the following causes: (a) Serious misconduct or willful disobedience by the employee of the lawful orders of his employer or representative in connection with his work;(b) Gross and habitual neglect by the employee of his duties;(c) Fraud or willful breach by the employee of the trust reposed in him by his employer or duly authorized representative;(d) Commission of a crime or offense by the employee against the person of his employer or any immediate member of his family or his duly…

  • Labor

    Authorized causes

    As maybe broadly defined, authorized causes for dismissal of employee refer to those lawful grounds for termination which in general do not arise from fault or negligence of the employee. “Authorized causes” are distinguished from “just causes” under Article 282 in that the latter are always based on acts attributable to the employee’s own fault or negligence. Authorized causes The authorized causes for termination of employee are enumerated under Article 283 and 284 of the Labor Code, as follows:Installation of labor-saving devices. The installation of labor-saving devices contemplates the installation of machinery to effect economy and efficiency in the method of production. Redundancy. Redundancy exists where the services of an…

  • Labor

    Constructive dismissal

    Constructive dismissal is an employer’s act amounting to dismissal but made to appear as if it were not – a dismissal in disguise. In most cases of constructive dismissal, the employee is allowed to continue to work, but is simply reassigned, or demoted, or his pay diminished without a valid reason to do so. Constructive dismissal does not always involve forthright dismissal or diminution in rank, compensation, benefit and privileges. There may be constructive dismissal if an act of clear discrimination, insensibility or disdain by an employer becomes so unbearable on the part or the employee that it could foreclose any choice by him except to forego his continued employment.…